The Siege of Derry formed part of the Williamite War in Ireland between 1688-91 and to fully understand it we need to look at events in Europe and England. Louis XIV of France had renaged on the Treaty of Nantes which had given the Protestant French Huguenots religious freedom, he had reformed the French army and expanded the borders of France into Alsace and the Principality of Orange in Holland.
In England James ll a devout Roman Catholic and first cousin of Louis XIV, suceeded Charles II to the throne (Charles had converted to Catholicism on hs death bed). This brought a great change of politics and religious preferences. In
Then the birth of a son to James ll by his second wife, effectively marked the end of any XIVProtestant desecendency to the throne through his daughter Mary who was married to William III, Prince of Orange.
This spurred several influential Protestant noblemen to conspire against the king. They sent a letter inviting William of Orange, to take the English throne. This offer was taken up and William sailed to
You may be detecting by now that this was somewhat of a family affair and in many ways it was a political and religious fallout between powerful relatives, all the antagonists were related to each other in one way or another. William was married to the daughter of James II and through marriage both kings were related to Louis XIV of France.
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